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The Female Form: 1900-2000 One Hundred Years of Dips and Curves

Face of the Year International Beauty Contest

The Stirring of Sleeping Beauty

Modern Standards of Beauty: Nature or Nurture

Pheromones: The Smell of Beauty

Different Place Different Beauty

Evolutionary Psychology

Beauty and the Menstrual Cycle

The Question of Beauty

Babyness and Sexual Attraction

Female Pheromones and Male Physiology

Face Values

Revolting Bodies: The Monster Beauty of Tattooed Women

Piercing and the Modern Primitive

We must stop glorifying physical beauty

Click Here to Get Gorgeous


When Was the Last Time You Looked Glamorous?

Facial Beauty and Fractal Geometry

The Impact of Family Structure and Social Change

The Reality of Appearance

Sexual Selection and the Biology of Beauty

Venus, From Fertility Goddess to Sales Promoter

Why We Fall in Love

The Science of Attraction

The Biology in the Beholder's Eye

The Science of Attraction by Rob Elder

Your Cave or Mine

All Ah We is One Family

Skin Texture and Female Facial Beauty


The Double-Edged Sword of Antibiotics

        In 1946, just a year after winning the Nobel Prize for discovering penicillin, Sir Alexander Fleming noted the Achilles heel of antibiotics: "the production of resistant strains of bacteria." Indeed, the greatest medicine in history has gradually become less effective. The incredibly rapid reproduction of bacteria combined with their ability to impart acquired resistance to other bacteria by transferring genetic material have led to today's "superbugs": bacteria that are refractory to all conventional antimicrobial treatment.

         Several factors, such as overuse of antibiotics in hospitals, and, possibly, widespread use of antibiotics in livestock farming, have hastened the development of antibiotic resistance. Currently in the U.S., 90,000 people die each year from bacterial infections acquired in hospitals, and 70 percent of these bacteria are resistant to at least one antibiotic drug.

        A new generation of drugs, called "Ramp" antimicrobials, is under development to treat resistant strains of bacteria. By emulating the body's own defense mechanisms, Ramp drugs are much 



more effective than current antibiotics, and some researchers believe this will make it less likely for microbes to develop resistance to Ramp drugs.

        Other researchers disagree: should Ramp-resistant bacteria arise, our natural bacterial defenses would be seriously compromised. If this occurred, even simple scratches would take far, far longer to heal.









































































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