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Tattoos

         Tattoos didn't spring up with the dawn of biker gangs and rock n roll bands. They've been around for a long time and had many different meaning over the course of history. Let's sketch out some interesting anecdotes about tattoos for you now.

How tattoos were created and developed?

For years, scientists believed that Egyptians and Nubians were the first people to tattoo their bodies .Then, in 1991, a mummy was discovered, dating back to the Bronze. Age of about 3,300 B.C.. "The Iceman" as the specimen was dubbed, had several markings on his body, including a cross on the inside ofhis knee and lines on his ankle' and back. It is believed these tattoos were made in a curative effort .

 Tattoos1

         Being so advanced, the Egyptians reportedly spread the practice of tattooing throughout the world. The pyramid building third and fourth dynasties of Egypt developed international nations with Crete, Greece, Persia and Arabia. The art of tattooing stretched out a11 the way to SoutheaSt .Asia by 2 ,OOOB .C..

Around the same time, the Japanese became interested in the art hut only for its decorative attributes, as opposed to magicaJ ones .6 The Japanese tattoo artists were the llndisputed masters. Their use of colors, perspective, and imaginative designs gave the practice a whole new angle. During the fil~St millennium A.D., Japan adopted Chinese culture in mal1y aspects and confined tattooing to branding wrongdoers .

         In the Balkans, the Thracians8 had a different use for the craft. Aristocrats, according to Herodotus, used it to show the world their social status.

 

           Although early Europeans dabbled with tattooing, they truly rediscovered the art form when the world exploration of the post- Renaissance made them seek out new cultures. It was their meeting with PolynesianlQ that introduced them to tattooing. The word, in fact, is derived from the Polynesian word tat tau, whjch means , "to mark."

Why tattoo?

         Most of the early uses of tattoos were ornamental.However,a number of civilizations had. practical applications for this craft. The Goths, a tribe of Germanic barbarians famous for pillaging Roman settlements,used tattoos to mark their slaves. Romans did the same with slaves and criminals .

        In Tahiti, tattoos were a rite of passage and told the history of,the person's life.Reaching adulthood, boys got one tattoo to commemorate the event. Men were marked with another style when they got married .

        Later,tattoos became the souvenir of choice for globetrottiing sailors .Whenever they would reach an exotic locale, they would get a new tattoo to mark the occasion, A dragon was a famous style that meant the sailor had reached a "China station. At first, sailors would spend their free time on the ship tattooing themselves and their mates. Soon after, tattoo parlors were set up in the area, surrounding ports worldwide.

         In the middle of the 19th century, police officials believed that half of the criminal underworldls in New Yolk City had tattoos. Port areas were renowned for being rough places full of sailors that were guilty of some clime or- aanother. This is most likely how tattoos got such a bad reputation and "became associated with rebels and delinquents .

How did they di it?

        In the Americas, native tribes used simple pricking to tattoo their bodies or faces. In California, specifically, some groups injected color into the scratches. Some northern tribes living in and around the Arctic Circle (mostly inuit) made punctures with a needle and ran a thread coated with soot through the skin.The South Pacific community would tap pigment into the pricked skin using a small rake-like instrument.

        In New Zealand, the native, using a small bone-cutting tool, would carve intricate shallow grooves on the face and buttocks ,20 and infuse them with 

 

 color. Thanks to trading with Europeans, they were able to use a metal apparatus and apply more traditional puncture methods .

        In 1891, an Amerjcan by the name of Samuel O'Reilly patented the modern tattoo machine. This hand-held contraption21, as we know it today, makes a needle vibrate up and down very rapidly ( approximately several hundred vibrations per minute). The needle penetrates the skin around one millimeter in depth and injects ink into the skil1 at the dermis level.

        Pop stars have them, as do lawyers, professional athletes, soldiers, and mechanics - there's no social stigma attached to people with tattoos. Today , tattoos are a fashion statement more than a means of intimidation. And it's only natural that people want to discover how this trend started .

        Samuel O'Reilly was the first famous contemporary tattoo artist. He set up a shop in New York's Chatham Square and was very popular in his time. Tattoos were all the rage, all the way to the financial crash ot' 1929.23 They became trendy in Amerjca again around World War II,with the introduction of new designs like cartoon characters. 1'attooing made another leap for the mainstream in the '70s and '80s, when celebrities began sporting them.

        In the last decade, the policy of. global acceptance and worldwide communication has not only made tattoos popular, but also omnipresent25. With 5,000 years of tattooing tradition, nothing indicates that this is a vanishing fad.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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